50+ Montessori Activities for 1 Year Olds (Updated)

As your little one takes their first steps into the world, their innate curiosity is evident in every touch, gaze, and giggle.

At this tender age, the Montessori approach can be a beacon, guiding their explorations in a meaningful way.

But which Montessori materials for one year olds are best?

And how can they benefit your one-year-old?

In this article, we will explore lots of great Montessori activities for 1 year olds that you can use to both entertain and teach your little one(s).

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Montessori Rattle
Credit: KG Simple Reviews

Montessori Toy Activities for 1 Year Olds

Stackers (Rings and Cubes)

Stackers (Rings and Cubes)

Stackers are foundational tools in the Montessori method. They come in various forms, from rings to cubes.

Children are naturally drawn to the challenge of arranging these items in order, helping them understand size differentiation and sequencing.

Beyond cognitive development, stackers also enhance hand-eye coordination and spatial reasoning, providing a multi-faceted learning experience.

Cylinder Blocks

Cylinder Blocks

These wooden blocks, each with a unique cylindrical shape, challenge children to match them to their corresponding holes.

There are two types of cylinder blocks – knobbed or knobless blocks.

The activity not only sharpens their spatial reasoning but also refines their fine motor skills.

As children grasp each cylinder and determine its correct placement, they’re also learning about differentiation and problem-solving.

Realistic Doll

In the Montessori method, toys that mirror real life are highly valued. A realistic doll serves this purpose.

Children can practice caregiving routines, from feeding to dressing, enhancing their empathy and understanding of self and others.

This also fosters a sense of responsibility and nurtures their nurturing instincts.

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Pikler Triangle or Other Climbing Toys

Pikler Triangle or Other Climbing Toys

Physical activity is crucial for 12-month-olds, and the Pikler Triangle is a Montessori favorite.

Designed to encourage climbing and exploration, it aids in developing gross motor skills, balance, and coordination.

Children also gain confidence as they navigate the triangle, understanding their body’s capabilities and limits.

Wooden Puzzles

Wooden Puzzles

These puzzles, often with large, graspable pieces, are perfect for one-year-olds.

Each piece has a specific place, teaching children about order and categorization.

As they maneuver each piece into its spot, they’re also honing their fine motor skills and spatial reasoning.

Race Tracks or Ball Drops

Ball Drops

These toys introduce children to the concepts of motion, gravity, and cause and effect.

As balls race down tracks or drop through holes, children can make predictions, observe outcomes, and even experiment with different forces.

It’s a playful introduction to basic physics concepts.

Nesting Dolls

Nesting Dolls

Originating from Russia, these dolls have found a place in Montessori learning.

Children are fascinated by the concept of smaller dolls fitting inside larger ones, teaching them about size differentiation and sequencing.

It’s also a lesson in patience and precision as they carefully nest each doll.

Busy Board

Busy Board

This sensory board is a montage of everyday items, from latches to zippers to buttons.

Each component offers a unique challenge and learning experience, from enhancing fine motor skills to understanding how different mechanisms work.

It’s a tactile and cognitive adventure rolled into one.

Object Permanence Box

Object Permanence Box

This simple yet profound tool teaches children about the concept of object permanence.

When a ball or coin is dropped into the hole and reappears, children learn that objects continue to exist even when out of sight.

It’s a foundational cognitive concept that also enhances their hand-eye coordination.

Tummy Time & Sensory Toys

Sensory Toy

Tummy time is crucial for physical development, and sensory toys make it even more enriching.

From textured mats to soft mirrors, these tools encourage children to lift their heads, explore their reflections, and engage with various textures.

It’s a sensory-rich experience that also strengthens their neck and upper body.

Rolling Toys

Rolling Car Toy

These materials introduce children to the wonders of motion.

From observing the path of a rolling ball to understanding the concept of cause and effect, it’s a dynamic learning experience.

Children can also experiment with force, observing how different intensities impact motion.

Animal Figurines

Animal Figurines

These realistic miniatures introduce children to the animal kingdom.

From understanding different habitats to mimicking animal sounds, it’s a playful and educational exploration of nature.

Children can also practice categorization, grouping animals by habitat, size, or other characteristics.

Practical Montessori Activities for 1 Year Olds

Preliminary Activities

Pouring: With child-sized pitchers filled with rice or water, little ones can practice pouring from one container to another. This simple task refines motor control and introduces concepts of quantity.

Spooning: Using a spoon, toddlers transfer objects like cotton balls or lentils between bowls, nurturing concentration and fine motor skills.

Basic opening and closing: Let them explore various containers, from boxes to jars, developing problem-solving skills as they figure out opening mechanisms.

Care of Self

Simple dressing techniques: Introduce clothes with easy fastenings, like Velcro shoes or shirts with larger buttons, turning dressing into a fun, independent activity.

Basic grooming: Using a soft-bristle brush or a washcloth lets them learn about personal hygiene in a tactile manner.

Control of Movement

Walking: Designated paths, perhaps marked with tape, guide their walking, boosting confidence in their newly-acquired skill.

Carrying: Encouraging toddlers to carry light objects from one place to another enhances balance and spatial awareness.

Sensorial Montessori Activities for 1 Year Olds

Tactile Exploration

Touch and feel boards: Touch Boards with different materials, from sandpaper to velvet, introduce a variety of textures, stimulating tactile senses.

Textured fabrics: Simple fabric squares of silk, corduroy, or burlap offer a world of sensory exploration, enhancing touch discrimination.

Visual Discrimination

Basic color sorting: Using colored balls or wooden blocks, toddlers can sort items into matching colored containers, refining color recognition.

Simple shape matching: Wooden shape sorters with basic geometries challenge toddlers to match shapes with corresponding holes, honing spatial reasoning.

Auditory Exploration

Sound shakers: Containers filled with varying items (e.g., rice, bells) produce different sounds. Matching pairs based on sound cultivates auditory discrimination.

Montessori Math Activities for 1 Year Olds

At the tender age of one, a child’s brain is incredibly receptive to mathematical concepts.

While they might not be solving equations, foundational ideas about numbers, patterns, and spatial relationships are beginning to form.

Here are some great Math-based Montessori activities for your one year old to start developing and improving their early math skills.

Number Rods

Number rods are a set of rods or cylinders that differ in length and are often colored in alternating red and blue sections.

For a 1-year-old, the main attraction might be the difference in sizes.

They can stack, arrange, or simply explore them, laying the foundation for understanding length and basic counting.

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Counting Songs and Rhymes

Melodies paired with numbers make learning fun and memorable.

Songs like “One, Two, Buckle My Shoe” or “Five Little Ducks” instill basic counting principles in a rhythmic way.

One-to-One Correspondence

Using simple items like pom-poms or large beads, encourage toddlers to place one item into each compartment of an ice tray or muffin tin.

This activity reinforces the concept that each number corresponds to a unique item or quantity.

Stacking and Nesting

Offer them stackable rings or cups.

As they try to stack or nest them based on size, they’re intuitively grasping concepts of big and small, more and less.

Shape Sorters

Beyond the basic matching of shapes, these toys introduce toddlers to geometric names and spatial reasoning.

They learn to recognize different shapes and understand that each shape has a specific slot.

Simple Puzzles with Numerals

While complex for some 1-year-olds, a few might show interest in puzzles that pair numerals with quantities.

A puzzle piece with the numeral “3,” for instance, might fit into a slot with three corresponding items painted on it.

Spatial Exploration

Activities like “in and out” or “over and under” using toys or even their own bodies help them understand spatial relationships, an essential component of mathematical thinking.

Remember, the goal isn’t to push them but to provide the tools and let their natural curiosity guide their exploration.

It’s less about them getting it “right” and more about the process of exploration and discovery.

Language Development Activities

Language forms the bedrock of human communication and expression.

Even in the early stages of life, children are voracious language learners.

At one year, their understanding of language far outpaces their ability to express, but with the right Montessori-inspired activities, we can help bridge this gap and nurture their budding linguistic abilities.

Sound Games

Sound games or listening games can be incredibly enriching.

Play a game of identifying and mimicking sounds from their environment—be it the chirping of birds, the barking of a dog, or the sound of a doorbell.

This not only amplifies their auditory skills but also broadens their vocabulary in a fun, interactive way.

Reading Books

Books, especially those tailored for toddlers, are a treasure trove of linguistic learning.

Touch-and-feel books or ones with vibrant, real-life images captivate their attention.

Reading to them aloud, pointing and labeling objects, can foster both listening skills and vocabulary development.

Additionally, it establishes an early love for reading.

Related: Best Montessori Books for 1 Year Olds


One of the simplest yet most effective activities involves naming or labeling objects that a toddler shows interest in.

Whether they point to a bird in the sky or pick up a spoon, saying the word out loud and associating it with the object reinforces their vocabulary.

Over time, this passive learning turns into active word recognition.

Song and Rhyme

Introducing them to simple songs or nursery rhymes can be a delightful way of embedding language learning.

The rhythm and melody make it easier for them to remember, and soon, they might start joining in on familiar lines or actions.

Object Naming

Using Montessori language baskets or sorting trays filled with themed objects can be enlightening.

For instance, a basket filled with different fruits. Let them explore, and as they pick each one, name it.

This tactile experience combined with auditory learning is effective in enhancing vocabulary.

Picture Matching

Introduce cards or images that represent familiar objects in their environment. Something like the pink booklet is good for this.

My son absolutely loved this activity.

Let them match the object to the picture, saying the name out loud as they do. It’s a playful way of solidifying word-object associations.

Remember, language learning at this age is about immersion and repetition.

The more they hear and interact with words, the better their linguistic foundation becomes.

The Pink Booklet
Credit: Montessori House of Children – G M Academy

Activities for Gross Motor Skills

Gross motor abilities relate to the control and movement of the larger muscles in the body, such as those in the arms, legs, and torso.

At the age of one, children are transitioning from crawling to walking, making it an essential period for refining these skills.

Montessori activities are specifically designed to cater to their natural curiosity and encourage physical movement.

Climbing Structures

Encouraging little ones to navigate soft climbing structures can be beneficial for multiple reasons.

Not only does it aid in muscle development, but it also allows children to gauge risk and improve their decision-making abilities.

Over time, as they climb and navigate obstacles, they gain more confidence in their physical capabilities.

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Push and Pull Toys

At this age, toddlers are enchanted by cause-and-effect scenarios.

By pushing or pulling toys, they can observe the direct consequences of their actions.

Beyond that, these toys serve as support for those just beginning to walk, offering them something to lean on as they move.

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Ball Play

Introducing toddlers to balls can be a fantastic way to foster coordination.

They learn to predict the ball’s trajectory, improving their anticipatory skills.

Furthermore, the act of throwing and catching also refines their grip and hand-eye coordination.

Dance and Movement

Moving to music is instinctual for most children.

The rhythm helps them understand patterns, and dancing can be an outlet for creative expression.

Over time, they begin to understand the nuances of music, speed, and rhythm, all while having fun.

Here’s a good example I used for my son:

Obstacle Course

Simple obstacle courses can be more than just physical challenges.

They teach children sequencing (first do this, then that), improve their problem-solving skills, and enhance agility.

Activities for Fine Motor Skills

Fine motor skills involve the smaller muscles, especially those in the fingers, hands, and wrists.

These skills are essential for daily tasks like eating, buttoning clothes, or even drawing.

Refining these skills in the early years can set a child up for greater dexterity in later years.

Threading Activities

Threading might seem simplistic, but it requires a significant amount of concentration and precision.

Over time, children learn to stabilize one hand (holding the string or lace) while maneuvering with the other, improving bilateral coordination.

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Peg Puzzles

While solving these puzzles, children have to rotate, flip, and sometimes even slide the pieces to fit them in the correct spot.

This not only refines their grip but also enhances their spatial intelligence and problem-solving abilities.

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Placing Coins into Slits

The seemingly simple task of slotting coins demands precision and patience.

Over time, as their accuracy improves, children also experience a boost in their self-confidence and persistence.

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Sorting Activities

Sorting not only refines grip and hand-eye coordination but also introduces the child to early math concepts like classification.

Being able to categorize based on color, size, or shape is a precursor to more advanced logical and mathematical thinking.

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Stickers and Playdough

Manipulating stickers or playdough requires varying levels of pressure and movement.

Children learn the concepts of soft and hard, sticky and smooth, and through exploration, they improve their tactile discrimination skills.

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Water Transfer

Dealing with liquids offers a different kind of challenge.

The unpredictability of water means that children have to be extra careful, improving their focus.

Additionally, understanding concepts like full, empty, more, and less can be foundational for early math lessons.

The Montessori philosophy champions the child’s ability to learn through exploration and independence.

With the right guidance and resources, these activities can be a stepping stone to a lifelong love for learning and a confident approach to challenges.


Montessori material activities for one-year-olds are designed with a deep understanding of their developmental needs.

They are more than just playthings; they are gateways to learning, exploration, and growth.

By introducing these materials, parents and caregivers can provide a rich, stimulating environment that nurtures the innate curiosity of their little ones.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

At what age can I start introducing Montessori activities to my child?

You can begin introducing Montessori activities right from birth if you’d like.

As discussed earlier, we outlined many activities tailored for babies as young as 0-12 months, progressing to toddlers and preschoolers.

Each stage has specific activities designed to meet the developmental needs and interests of that age group.

How do Montessori activities benefit babies compared to traditional toys?

Montessori activities for babies are designed to stimulate their sensory, motor, and cognitive development in natural ways.

Unlike many traditional toys that might simply entertain, Montessori materials engage babies in purposeful exploration, laying a foundation for skills like hand-eye coordination, sensory recognition, and early cognitive development.

Are sensory bins safe for toddlers? What precautions should I take?

Sensory bins are generally safe for toddlers, but it’s essential to ensure the materials inside aren’t potential choking hazards.

Always supervise your toddler when they’re exploring sensory bins.

Additionally, use non-toxic materials and ensure the bin is stable and won’t tip over.

How often should I rotate Montessori activities for my child?

Rotation is essential to keep your child engaged and stimulated.

Typically, observing your child is the best guide.

If they seem to have lost interest in an activity or mastered it, it might be time to rotate.

A general rule of thumb is to rotate activities every 1-2 weeks, but this can vary based on the child’s interest and the activity.

Do I need specialized materials for Montessori activities, or can I use household items?

While there are specialized Montessori materials available, many Montessori activities can be created using everyday household items.

For instance, practical life activities for toddlers often involve common tasks like pouring water, which can be practiced using a pitcher and a bowl.

The essence of Montessori is to use purposeful, real-world materials that are safe and appropriate for the child’s age.

How does the Montessori method foster independence in toddlers and preschoolers?

The Montessori method emphasizes “help me to do it myself.”

Activities are designed to be hands-on, allowing children to explore, learn at their own pace, and accomplish tasks on their own.

From dressing frames that teach preschoolers to button and zip to practical life activities where toddlers learn to pour or sweep, each task is meant to foster a sense of independence and capability.

Related: The Buckle Dressing Frame Explained

What’s the difference between Montessori toys and regular toys?

Montessori toys are designed with a clear purpose: to support developmental milestones and encourage independent exploration.

They are often made from natural materials and are simplistic in design to allow the child to focus on the learning aspect.

Regular toys might be more focused on entertainment and might not always offer the same kind of purposeful engagement.

How can I create a “prepared environment” at home for my child as recommended in Montessori?

A prepared environment in Montessori refers to a space tailored to the child’s needs, interests, and size.

It promotes independence and learning.

At home, this might mean having furniture at the child’s height, ensuring materials and toys are accessible on low shelves, and designating specific areas for different activities, such as a reading nook or art corner.

It’s about creating a safe, engaging space where the child feels empowered to explore.

How do Montessori activities for preschoolers prepare them for formal schooling?

Montessori activities for preschoolers target essential pre-academic and life skills.

From refining motor skills required for writing to introducing basic math and phonetics for reading, these activities lay a robust foundation.

Furthermore, Montessori encourages self-direction, problem-solving, and independence – all crucial skills for formal schooling.

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